8 Altercations Between Elizabeth I And Mary Queen Of Scots
The issues facing Mary's mother, Mary of Guise, as she attempted to govern Scotland. The relationship between Mary, Queen of Scots and Elizabeth. I. Queen Elizabeth II is a direct descendant of Mary, Queen of Scots. Her son, James VI and I, was both King of Scotland and King of England and Ireland, and . Elizabeth I's relationship with Mary, Queen of Scots dominated English and Scottish politics for 20 years. Now, as a new film Mary Queen of.
Elizabeth I: An Overview
In Aprilthe young couple were duly married and Francis became king inbriefly uniting the French and Scottish crowns. However, Francis died from an ear infection the following year. A widow at just 18, Mary returned to Scotland where she faced many challenges. As a Catholic in a country that was officially Protestant, she was regarded with suspicion by some of her subjects.
Mary accepted the Protestant-led government and initially ruled with moderation. Their relationship quickly broke down and as the spoiled and petulant Darnley spent less time with Mary, she became increasingly close to her advisor, the Earl of Bothwell. They claimed Rizzio was having an affair with Mary and was using this as leverage to gain influence in court. Darnley and the nobles burst in upon the heavily-pregnant Mary as she was having supper with Rizzio and five close friends, including Bothwell.
The group dragged Rizzio from the table into the next room and stabbed him 56 times. After the birth their son, James in JuneDarnley and Mary's relationship continued to deteriorate. In Februarythere was an explosion at the house where Darnley was staying just outside of Edinburgh.
Elizabeth was thrown into the Tower of London, where her mother Anne Boleyn had died. I never thought to have come in here as prisoner! After three weeks in prison Elizabeth was banished for almost a year before Mary pardoned her.
When Elizabeth finally became Queen inshe had already lived through several lifetimes. The abdication of Mary, Queen of Scots.
The coddled royal was neither prepared for the coarse Scots, nor the coldness of her cousin Elizabeth. But Elizabeth refused to formalize the arrangement. The public found the marriage shocking, and Mary was denounced as as an adulteress Bothwell had been married previously, so Catholics considered the marriage to Mary unlawful and a murderer. Soon, Mary was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne in favor of her one-year-old son and imprisoned.
Top Mary and Elizabeth But Mary was not giving up without a fight. Having already shown herself to be a poor judge of character, Mary now made the huge mistake of misjudging Elizabeth.
BBC - History - Elizabeth I: An Overview
If only she could meet her, she thought, Elizabeth would rally to her cause. Ignoring the pleas of her advisors Mary managed to escape from Lochleven and, disguised as a man, fled the country. She landed on English soil ready to meet her fellow Queen. But Elizabeth had other ideas.Mary, Queen of Scots - Biography
She had married Darnley whose lineage could be traced back to Henry VII, creating an even stronger claim. Worse still, Elizabeth had herself been declared illegitimate in a statute which had never been formally repealed, and knew that many Catholics considered Mary to be the rightful Queen of England. Her presence in England could spark a Catholic uprising.
Mary was immediately taken to stay at Carlisle Castle by one of Elizabeth's ministers but as days turned into weeks, she became suspicious. Eventually, sent to stay in the unwelcoming Tutbury Castle, the truth dawned on her. She was a prisoner. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. Elizabeth, meanwhile, was paralysed by indecision. She did not wish to meet the woman she considered her rival, but knew that if she released Mary her own life would be in danger.
Mary was said to be a great beauty who exerted a strange power over men and, whenever any minister returned from a visit to the now belligerent Mary, he was quizzed by the Queen on her looks, her clothes, her attractiveness compared to herself. Similarly Mary would ask after Elizabeth. But the two Queens never met. Top Plots and conspiracies As predicted, Mary quickly became the focus of plots to overthrow Elizabeth and return England to the Catholic faith. In the Northern Uprising failed when the Catholic Earls, marching southwards, discovered that Mary had quickly been moved from Tutbury to Coventry and their plans to rescue her were thwarted.
The Ridolfi Plot of went further by enlisting Spanish support to depose Elizabeth and place Mary on the throne. It was clear that, as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger. Francis Walsingham, one of Elizabeth's most loyal ministers, was acutely aware of this. He set out to nail Mary and, inhis moment came. Walsingham's spies discovered that she was secretly corresponding with a group of Catholic plotters and, having intercepted her letters, they forged a postscript in her hand asking for the identities of those involved.
The names and details were duly supplied by the plotters. At last Walsingham had proof of her guilt. But she was not allowed a lawyer and, attempting to defend herself, was not even permitted to consult her own papers.
Found guilty of treason, Mary was sentenced to death.
But Walsingham had reckoned without the Queen's reluctance to sign the execution warrant. To Elizabeth, Mary was a fellow Queen. To execute any Queen was a precedent she did not wish to set, for her own sake. She also feared that Mary's relations in Europe would take revenge on England.
As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. For someone who disliked making decisions, this was torture. In February the warrant was finally signed and the execution took place before the Queen could change her mind. But when Elizabeth heard the bells pealing to celebrate the death of Mary Queen of Scots, she was horrified. It had all happened too quickly. The warrant had been taken to Fotheringhay before she was ready. Elizabeth was inconsolable and locked herself in her room.
She wept for days. Mary's execution would be one of the factors contributing to the Spanish Armada the following year. Her death took a heavy toll on Elizabeth, one observer noting, 'I never knew her fetch a sigh, but when the Queen of Scots was beheaded. The question of how to govern Ireland had created terrible problems for the Queen over the years but saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed.
Elizabeth sent out the impetuous Earl of Essex who only managed to create further difficulties. Her most trusted ministers, including Burghley and Walsingham, passed away. Leicester, to whom she had remained close, died in and Elizabeth kept his last letter beside her bed until her own death. The Queen herself was not as sharp as she once had been.
Ministers often dealt with matters without consulting her, and she became paranoid about the threat of assassination. But by now Elizabeth was nearly seventy.
Her health deteriorated and, when death came on 24 Marchit was: Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. The mourning which followed her death was unprecedented. However, details of the legacy she left the country are open to interpretation.