Hippolyta - Wikipedia
Hippolyta was the daughter of Ares and Otrera, and was a sister of Antiope, Melanippe, and Penthesilea. She was also Queen of the Amazons. His relationship to Hippolyta and to the other figures in the play will be the theme of the main part, followed by an analysis of Theseus in the Greek mythology. Theseus and Hippolyta are the rulers in Shakespeare's 'A Midsummer Night's “ To you your father should be a god” (Act 1 Scene 1, Line 47).
One way the Amazons asserted direct control over men was by controlling all aspects of the sexual interaction between men and women.
The Greek Myth of Hippolyta and Theseus by Jenna Szczech on Prezi
But did they take any aspect of Amazonian myth seriously or did they simply write it off as comedy? Interestingly enough, Theseus was the mythical founder-king of Athens and was conceived by two fathers, no female necessary. His fathers were Aegeus a mortal king of Athensand the immortal Greek god Poseidon, who ostensibly must have provided the necessary magical touch.
But perhaps most importantly it comes closest to the implied inferiority complex men supposedly carry in their subconscious because they cannot produce a child from their own bodies.
How would the audience have received a tale including a male, who was so masculine that he did not even have a mother or that he was so arrogant that he managed to steal the daughter of a god? Circe had the ability to change her enemies or those who simply crossed herinto animals.
But Oberon also seems incapable of properly managing his own special powers. In either case, the intentional wooing of Hippolyta with a sword of either type would have gained Hippolyta sympathy from the audience and the audience would have also hoped that Theseus could learn better behavior at some point during the course of the play.
The son is referred to as being a changeling Indian boy. Titania is much more than an object of displacement for anxieties aroused by the real Queen Elizabeth; she exists in A Midsummer Night's Dream as more than a marker in a power struggle.
She is a personification of natural fertility and its associated properties of sexuality and maternity; she is a kind of fertility and love goddess, and these qualities constitute a profound, and not merely ideological, connection of humanity and the natural. Figurations of Gender and Power in Elizabethan Culture.
Theseus and Hippolyta - GREEK MYTHOLOGY
A boy's transition from the female-centered world of his early childhood to the male centered world of his youth is given a kind of phylogenetic sanction by myths recounting a cultural transition from matriarchy to patriarchy. Such a myth is represented at the very thresh hold of A Midsummer Night's Dream: Theseus' defeat of the Amazonian matriarchate sanctions Oberon's attempt to take the boy from an infantilizing mother and to make a man of him. Yet "jealous" Oberon is not only Titania's rival for the child but also the child's rival for Titania: Oberon's preoccupation is to gain possession, not only of the boy but of the woman's desire and obedience; he must master his own dependency upon his wife.
Montrose 71 The last article I wish to bring up is James L. From Oberon's standpoint, acquiring the changeling child erases the point of contentious difference between him and Titania by dissolving her ties to an idealized female past.
Similarly, Hippolyta's marriage to Theseus will represent a castration of her Amazonian attempt to possess the phallus. Ceasing to live a life of masculine privilege, she will submit to her role as Athenian wife though just how submissive she will be is the point at issue. In some renditions the other Amazons became enraged at the marriage and attacked Athens.
In other renditions Theseus later put Hippolyta aside to marry Phaedra. So Hippolyta rallied her Amazons to attack the wedding ceremony. This killer was in turn slain by Theseus or Achilles. Some stories paint Theseus in a more favorable light, saying that Hippolyta was dead before he and Phaedra were wed, and this battle did not occur.
Further complicating the narratives, a number of ancient writers say the Amazon in question was not Hippolyta at all, but her sister AntiopeMelanippeor Glauce.
Moreover, there are combined versions of the tale in which Heracles abducts and kills Hippolyta while Theseus, assisted by Sthenelus and Telamonabducts and marries Antiope.
There are also stories that Hippolyta or Antiope later bore Theseus a son, Hippolytus. In Act I, Scene 1 she and he discuss their fast-approaching wedding, which will take place under the new moon in four days I.
Theseus declares to Hippolyta that, although he "wooed her with his sword," he will wed her "with pomp, with triumph, and with revelling" and promises to begin a celebration that will continue until the wedding I. Although Hippolyta figures only marginally through the middle of the play, she resumes a strong role in Act V, scene I.
There she and Theseus discuss some preceding events, namely the magical romantic confusions that the Athenian youths report from the night before.
A Comparison of Theseus in Greek mythology and "A Midsummer Night’s Dream"
Theseus is skeptical about the veracity of their tale, but Hippolyta questions whether they would all have the same story if indeed, the night's adventures were imagined.
She argues that the youths' agreement on the way the night's events unfolded proves that things occurred just as they say. This play is significant in its portrayal of strong women.
In Elizabethan England, public and domestic authority rested upon the man and women were expected to be chaste and subservient, as expressed in The Taming of the Shrew.