Money supply and demand impacting interest rates (video) | Khan Academy
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between money supply , interest rate and inflation rate in Turkey after the Economics is a social science that studies the effects of consumer behavior in relation to a nation's monetary policy, supply and demand and other economic. Money is anything that is generally accepted as a medium of exchange, such as coins, cash, debit cards and checks. It underpins every nation's.
I want to go through a bunch of scenarios just so we can understand how different things that happen in the economy might effect interest rates. I just draw a bunch of supply and demand curves right over here. Once again we're talking about the market for essentially renting money. That right over here is the price of money, which we know is the interest rate on the vertical axis.
Money supply and demand impacting interest rates
Then the horizontal axis we have the quantity of money that is borrow or lent in a given time period. Quantity and this is a given time period that is borrowed or lent. Quantity borrowed in a year. We know there is some The first few dollars out in the economy people are willing to pay a very high interest rate on them.
What is the Relationship Between Money Supply and Interest Rates? | Synonym
Then every incremental dollar after that people get less marginal benefit. They might not find as good of a place to put that money. Their borrowing it for a reason. Their either going to borrow to consume to buy something that they always wanted that they think will make them happy, or more likely their borrowing it to invest it and hopefully getting a return higher than what they are borrowing at.
You have a marginal benefit curve that would be downward sloping something like that. Maybe it looks something like that. That is our demand curve or our marginal benefit curve. Now, once again this is the exact same logic we use with the demand and supply curve for any good or service. For money might look like this. Those first few dollars someone has a very low opportunity cost of lending it out, so, their willing to lend it out at a very low interest rate. Then every incremental dollar after that theirs higher opportunity cost, and people will lend it out at a higher and higher rate.
Then you have a market equilibrium interest rate. Let me copy and paste this. Then we could think about what happens in different scenarios. Now we have 2 scenarios that we can work on, and then let me just do 1 more. Let's think of a couple.19. Money Supply and Interest Rates
Let's say that the central bank of our country, in the United States, that would be the Federal Reserve, the central bank prints more money.
Then decides to lend out that money. It is disturbed when central banks print money.
The way that it enters into circulation in most countries is that the central bank then goes and essentially lends that money. The way it's done in the US Fed, most part they go out and buy government securities which is essentially lending money to the Federal Government.
Features Nations may choose different fixed interest rates for short- and long-term loans. Offering different interest rates can increase the loan products offered by banks in the economic marketplace. For example, nations can set high fixed interest rates on short-term loans because banks are unable to generate sufficient interest on these loans.
- How Does Fixed Interest Rate Affect Money Supply & Demand?
- What is the Relationship Between Money Supply and Interest Rates?
Consumers may pay these higher rates if they have an intense need for immediate capital funding, even though the loan will cost more money. Lower fixed interest rates on long-term loans can increase money demand for capital investments or major purchases.
Central reserve banks may increase interest rates to contract the money supply by offering attractive government investments to individuals and businesses. This removes money from the marketplace and slows economic growth. In the United States, the Federal Reserve, or Fed, raises and lowers the discount rate, which is the interest rate that it charges banks for borrowing money, to either constrict or expand the money supply.
When the Fed lowers the discount rate, banks lower interest rates in order to make more loans, which increases the amount of money in circulation. When the Fed wants to reduce the amount of money in circulation, it raises the discount rate, which results in higher interest rates and fewer loans.
References "Essentials of Economics"; Bradley R. Schiller; About the Author Marci Sothern has written as a tutor in the academic field since She holds a bachelor's degree in history and a master's degree in political science from the University of Texas at Tyler.
Her main areas of expertise include American history, comparative politics, international relations and political theory.