Religion of india and pakistan relationship

Religion in India - Wikipedia

religion of india and pakistan relationship

India and Pakistan have agreed to build a corridor that connects Sikh The project has potential to normalize relations between the two. So far, the distrustful India-Pakistan relationship has ensured that the best that most Indian Sikh pilgrims can hope for are binoculars. Over the last fifty years the nations of India and Pakistan have clashed on both political and military The long-term religious conflicts between the Hindus and Muslim people of the region have forced the . Wright, D. India-Pakistan Relations.

Jainism is a non-theistic Indian religion and philosophical system originating in Iron Age India. As ofthere were Punjab is the spiritual home of Sikhs, and is the only state in India where Sikhs form a majority. There are also significant populations of Sikhs in neighbouring ChandigarhDelhi and Haryanawhich were historically part of Punjab.


Muslims praying in a mosque in SrinagarJammu and Kashmir. Islam is a monotheistic religion centered on the belief in one God and following the example of Muhammad ; It is the largest minority religion in India. According to the census, India is home to million Muslims, [54] the world's third-largest Muslim population after those in Indonesia million [67] and Pakistan million.

Christianity is a monotheistic religion centred on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in the New Testament.

India-Pakistan Troubles Rooted in Religion, Real Estate - ABC News

It is the third largest religion of India, making up 2. It refers to the followers of the first Sikh mystic, the Guru Nanak, and nine succeeding gurus, or teachers, who preached the Sikh Dharma, or path.

Sikhs of Pakistan Want Pleasure Relationship With India

It was Nanak who tried to bridge the gap between Islam and Hinduism by teaching a monotheistic creed, with the emphasis on religious exercises and meditation. Their conflict with the Hindu majority centers largely in the northern state of Punjab, the prairie homeland of the Sikhs.

Most of the unrest, killing and terrorism is said to involve Sikh extremists. The Punjab, by Third World standards, became a model of development. However, by the seeds of smoldering resentment surfaced.

India-Pakistan Troubles Rooted in Religion, Real Estate

Sikhs felt cheated out of a homeland. There was a feeling that the Hindu-led government in New Delhi was treating Punjab and the Sikhs with less than fairness. Among their grievances, the Sikhs accused New Delhi of manipulating wheat prices and of steering new industry away from Punjab toward poorer sections of the country. Sikhs were affronted when, inthe government severed some Hindi-speaking portions of the Punjab, made them into a new state of Haryana and then made both of them share one capital, Chandigarh.

religion of india and pakistan relationship

Bythe main Sikh party, the Akali Dal, broke in the open with a movement of civil disobedience. Steadily, hundreds of thousands of Hindus returned to East Pakistan, but the thaw in relations did not last long, primarily owing to the Kashmir conflict.

Afghanistan—India relations and Afghanistan—Pakistan relations Afghanistan and Pakistan have had their own historic rivalry over their border, the Durand Linewhich numerous Afghan governments have refused to recognize as the border.

This has led to strong tensions between the two countries and even military confrontationsresulting in Pakistan as victorious. Pakistan has long accused Afghanistan of harboring Baloch separatist rebels and attempting to sponsor separatist tendencies amongst its Pashtun and Baloch populations, going as far back as the s.

  • India–Pakistan relations
  • India/Pakistan

It has been believed that Pakistan during the s, then under Zulfikar Ali Bhuttoin retaliation began supporting Islamist factions in Afghanistan. The later Soviet intervention in Afghanistan to prevent further escalation and eventual Islamist takeover of the country proved disastrous afterwards.

The United States and its allies feared direct Soviet involvement in Afghanistan and began aiding Pakistan's support for the Afghan Mujaheddin, in hopes of crippling the Soviet Union.

Religion in India

The Soviet-Afghan war turned out to be a stalemate with heavy casualties on all sides and costly for the Soviets. Under international agreement, the Soviets withdrew. But various Afghan factions fought one another and their external supporters, including the Soviet Union, Iran, Pakistan and others disagreed on which should be in power.

Continued rival proxy support led to the civil warin which Pakistan supported in the Talibanseeking to secure its interests in Afghanistan and providing strategic support, while India and Afghanistan's other neighbors backed the Northern Alliance.

religion of india and pakistan relationship

After the Taliban defeated the Northern Alliance in much of Afghanistan in the Afghan Civil Warthe Taliban regime continued to be supported by Pakistan — one of the three countries to do so — before the 11 September attacks. India firmly opposed the Taliban and criticized Pakistan for supporting it.

India established its links with the Northern Alliance as India officially recognized their government, with the United Nations. India's relations with AfghanistanPakistan's neighbor, and its increasing presence there has irked Pakistan.

The Indian embassy bombing in Kabul was a suicide bomb terror attack on the Indian embassy in KabulAfghanistan on 7 July at 8: Bush confronted Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani with evidence and warned him that in the case of another such attack he would have to take "serious action".

religion of india and pakistan relationship

Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir According to some reports published by the Council of Foreign Relationsthe Pakistan military and the ISI have provided covert support to terrorist groups active in Kashmirincluding the al-Qaeda affiliate Jaish-e-Mohammed. Many Kashmiri militant groups also maintain their headquarters in Pakistan-administered Kashmirwhich is cited as further proof by the Indian government.

Author Gordon Thomas stated that Pakistan "still sponsored terrorist groups in the state of Kashmir, funding, training and arming them in their war on attrition against India. A car bomb exploded near the Jammu and Kashmir State Assembly on 1 Octoberkilling 27 people on an attack that was blamed on Kashmiri separatists. It was one of the most prominent attacks against India apart from on the Indian Parliament in December The dead bodies of the terrorists and the data recovered from them revealed that Pakistan was solely responsible for the activity.

On 13 Julyarmed men believed to be a part of the Lashkar-e-Toiba threw hand grenades at the Qasim Nagar market in Srinagar and then fired on civilians standing nearby killing twenty-seven and injuring many more. Abdul Ghani Lone, a prominent All Party Hurriyat Conference leader, was assassinated by an unidentified gunmen during a memorial rally in Srinagar.

The assassination resulted in wide-scale demonstrations against the Indian occupied-forces for failing to provide enough security cover for Mr. A car bomb exploded near an armoured Indian Army vehicle in the famous Church Lane area in Srinagar killing four Indian Army personnel, one civilian and the suicide bomber.

Terrorist group Hizbul Mujahideenclaimed responsibility for the attack. A terrorist attack on 29 July at Srinigar 's city centre, Budshah Chowk, killed two and left more than 17 people injured. Most of those injured were media journalists. No Terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack.

A terrorist attack by four heavily armed terrorists on 18 Septembernear the town of Uri in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, killed 18 and left more than 20 people injured.

religion of india and pakistan relationship

It was reported as "the deadliest attack on security forces in Kashmir in two decades". India blamed Pakistan for carrying out the attacks, an allegation which Pakistan strongly denied and one that brought both nations to the brink of a nuclear confrontation in — However, international peace efforts ensured the cooling of tensions between the two nuclear-capable nations.

The plane was hijacked on 24 December approximately one hour after take off and was taken to Amritsar airport and then to Lahore in Pakistan.

After refueling the plane took off for Dubai and then finally landed in KandaharAfghanistan. Under intense media pressure, New Delhi complied with the hijackers' demand and freed Maulana Masood Azhar from its captivity in return for the freedom of the Indian passengers on the flight. The decision, however, cost New Delhi dearly.