Cause and Effect | Scholastic
Understanding cause-and-effect relationships is a basic thinking skill. It is a strategy not only used in reading, but it is experienced in day to day life. Readers. Stories you read are also full of causes and effects. Understanding how to identify cause-and-effect relationships within the text you're reading can help you. How to teach cause and effect: A complete guide for teachers and students But, what exactly do we mean when we speak of cause and effect in relation to reading? Graphic organizers can also be useful to display complex relationships.
Students can record the cause in the left hand column and the corresponding effect opposite in the right-hand column. This allows students to quickly see the cause and related effects and can serve as a useful study tool to review material.
Teaching Cause & Effect in English
The Cause and Effect Chain The Cause and Effect Chain is a simple graphic organizer consisting of a series of sequential boxes joined by arrows.
Students record events in the boxes to display the relationships between them. As one event occurs we can trace the subsequent event it causes easily. In this way students can also visually comprehend how effects themselves become causes. Graphic Organizers for Complex Events Graphic organizers can also be useful to display complex relationships between events where an event has more than one cause or effect.
Students simply add more arrows and boxes to display the relationships between different events. As students become more experienced and sophisticated in their approach, they will be able to tailor individual graphic organizers to meet the needs of the specific reading material they are engaged with.
Once that is done, students should then be offered ample opportunity to practice this strategy in discrete lessons. These practice sessions should utilize a wide range of reading material in a variety of genres and of various complexities. The following is a useful template to follow when planning cause and effect focussed lessons in a whole class context. To begin, provide students with an overview of the story detailing the main events. Then, introduce the appropriate graphic organizer for the reading material chosen.
While reading a text with the class, have students identify the key events or actions in the story. Next, students work to determine whether each event or action is a cause or an effect.
12 Cause-and-Effect Lesson Plans You'll Love - WeAreTeachers
Finally, students record each of the events or actions on the graphic organizer. Depending on the ability of the students and the sophistication of the text, you may find it appropriate to make links with inference strategies here too. As a post-reading activity, you may also wish the students to form smaller groups to compare their findings and discuss the reasons for their decisions.
If X, Then Y: Some More Activities for Teaching Cause and Effect As with all the various reading comprehension strategies, becoming skilled in this area takes time and practice - lots of practice! The following activities will help students practice their cause and effect chops.
While it is important to provide opportunities for students to learn about cause and effect in discrete lessons, further opportunities to reinforce their understanding will arise in all sorts of lessons.
You can call for volunteers right away or better yet, put the actors into small groups and give them 5 to 10 minutes to practice before showing the class. The situations you include could be: After every scenario is performed, the class can identify the cause and the effect.
Cause and effect relationship - what is cause and effect - Flocabulary
Ahead of time, write causes on sentence strips and matching effects on other sentence strips. Make sure there are enough for your whole class. Pass out a sentence strip to each child with either a cause or an effect. Once kids are in pairs, give each child two cards of each color.
Next, the pairs work together to come up with four different cause-and-effect events to record on their cards.Cause and Effect
For example, on one cause card, it might say: The mother bird sat on her nest. The effect card that matches it might say: The baby birds hatched out of their eggs.
It started to rain. We took out our umbrellas. Once the pair has finished their cards, they mix them up, place them in an envelope and write their names on the front.
The next day, set the envelopes around the room like a scavenger hunt and have pairs travel around the room with their partners to open envelopes, match causes and effects, mix the cards back up, put them back in the envelope, and move to the next open set. An alternative is to use the envelopes as a cause-and-effect center. These little books can be used in cause-and-effect lesson plans and much more! You might want to prep them for little ones, but older kids can usually make their own.
- Cause and Effect
Keep it folded and use a ruler to mark off the 3-inch, 6-inch and 9-inch spots near the top and bottom. Draw a line from the top to the bottom at each marked spot. Unfold the page and cut on the three lines from the bottom to the fold. Once the flip book is created, kids draw four causes on the front and then lift each flap and draw four effects underneath.
Need enrichment for higher-level kids? Have them draw or write several effects for each cause! Kids use crayons, markers, sharpies or watercolors to create a picture that shows a cause-and-effect relationship.
Similar to the above cause-and-effect lesson plan, but instead of unfolding the paper, just leave it folded like a greeting card. I actually like to make the cards fairly small and then they can be grouped together in a little cause-and-effect museum for a fun display.
The cards just have to be big enough that the kids can draw or write on them. Use pictures for students to infer cause and effect.
12 Cause-and-Effect Lesson Plans You’ll Love
This cause-and-effect lesson plan could be done after kids have mastered the basics. Gather some interesting pictures from classroom magazines Scholastic, Weekly Reader and regular magazines, or find them online on free-to-use sites like Pixabay. Look for pictures that have a lot going on in them because kids are going to be looking for several causes and effects, not just one. I would suggest NOT letting the kids search for pictures.
Not everything is classroom friendly and even if they were, it could be a distraction. Glue the picture to the top of a piece of construction paper portrait format or a piece of chart paper. Kids brainstorm and write down lots of different causes and effects for the same picture by looking at it in many ways. More pictures for multiple causes or effects. For this activity, find pictures as before, but this time, glue the picture to the center of the paper.