COUROUPITA GUIANENSIS PDF

Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.

On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade. Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air. Each fruit typically takes 1 year or more to mature. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive splat.

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Each flower has a 6-lobed calyx and 6 spreading petals which encircle two types of stamens fertile stamens and sterile staminoides which are borne on a cream-colored androphore. Each individual flower blooms for only one day.

Old trees often have the lower parts of their trunks completely covered with dangling flower racemes and fruits.

Leaves are alternate or in apical whorls. Leaf margins are entire or finely serrate. Veins on leaf undersides are pubescent. Leaves typically drop once, but sometimes twice, per year, usually in response to dry weather, hence the designation of deciduous for this tropical tree.

Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America.

Couroupita guianensis

Specific epithet is in reference to the Guianas where this tree is native. No serious insect or disease problems. Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to couroipita ground and break open.

Foot traffic should not be permitted under the drip-line of this tree because falling fruit can seriously injure or kill human beings.

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Couroupita guianensis – Cannon Ball Tree

Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit. Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened guianensiss are dropping.

Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Back to Previous Page.

Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Problems No serious insect or disease problems.

Garden Uses Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping.

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